留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

激光陀螺测角仪的角度计量误差分析

邹伟 黄垚 梁可 朱进 薛梓

邹伟,黄垚,梁可,等. 激光陀螺测角仪的角度计量误差分析[J]. 计量科学与技术,2022, 66(5): 41-48, 68 doi: 10.12338/j.issn.2096-9015.2021.0599
引用本文: 邹伟,黄垚,梁可,等. 激光陀螺测角仪的角度计量误差分析[J]. 计量科学与技术,2022, 66(5): 41-48, 68 doi: 10.12338/j.issn.2096-9015.2021.0599
ZOU Wei, HUANG Yao, LIANG Ke, ZHU Jin, XUE Zi. Error Analysis of Angle Measurement by Laser Gyro Goniometer[J]. Metrology Science and Technology, 2022, 66(5): 41-48, 68. doi: 10.12338/j.issn.2096-9015.2021.0599
Citation: ZOU Wei, HUANG Yao, LIANG Ke, ZHU Jin, XUE Zi. Error Analysis of Angle Measurement by Laser Gyro Goniometer[J]. Metrology Science and Technology, 2022, 66(5): 41-48, 68. doi: 10.12338/j.issn.2096-9015.2021.0599

激光陀螺测角仪的角度计量误差分析

doi: 10.12338/j.issn.2096-9015.2021.0599
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金重点项目(51935004);国家市场监督管理总局科技计划项目(2019MK113)。
详细信息
    作者简介:

    邹伟(1985-),中国计量科学研究院助理研究员,研究方向:角度计量、视觉测量,邮箱:zouwei@nim.ac.cn

    通讯作者:

    薛梓(1969-),中国计量科学研究院研究员,研究方向:角度计量,邮箱:xuez@nim.ac.cn

Error Analysis of Angle Measurement by Laser Gyro Goniometer

  • 摘要: 随着激光陀螺制造工艺的逐渐成熟以及闭锁等难题的突破,激光陀螺测角仪已成为高精度、高灵敏度、多参量测角仪器。本文针对其计量性能开展了测试,并详细分析了激光陀螺测角仪系统误差的主要来源,包括激光陀螺测角仪的安装误差、转台不水平误差、转速不稳定误差三项主要误差源,并仿真分析了各因素引入误差的大小,同时采用经典Allan方差法分析了激光陀螺测角仪的随机误差,结果表明:激光陀螺测角仪的综合测角不确定度为0.4″,角度测量误差优于±0.5″。
  • 图  1  激光陀螺安装误差与测角误差影响示意图

    Figure  1.  Schematic diagram of the effect of installation error and angle measurement error of laser gyro

    图  2  不同角位置对测角误差影响示意图

    Figure  2.  Schematic diagram of the effect of different angular positions on angle measurement error

    图  3  不同纬度对测角误差影响示意图

    Figure  3.  Schematic diagram of the effect of angle measurement error at different earth latitudes

    图  4  不同转速对测角误差影响示意图

    Figure  4.  Schematic diagram of the effect of different rotating speeds on angle measurement error

    图  5  不同角位置及安装误差对测角误差影响示意图

    Figure  5.  Schematic diagram of the effect of different angular positions and installation errors on angle measurement error

    图  6  转台不水平误差对测角误差影响示意图

    Figure  6.  Schematic diagram of the effect of turntable unlevel error on angle measurement error

    图  7  转速不稳定对测角误差影响示意图

    Figure  7.  Schematic diagram of the effect of turntable instability on angle measurement error

    图  8  脉冲细分误差示意图

    Figure  8.  Diagram of pulse interpolation error

    图  9  脉冲细分方法采样的激光陀螺测角仪输出示意图

    Figure  9.  Schematic diagram of laser gyro goniometer output sampled by pulse interpolation method

    图  10  激光陀螺测角仪Allan方差双对数曲线

    Figure  10.  Log-log plots of Allan variance for laser gyro goniometer

    图  11  零起分度误差实验装置

    Figure  11.  Experimental device for zero-based scale division error

    图  12  零起分度误差实验

    Figure  12.  Zero-based scale division error experiment

  • [1] 汪之国, 龙兴武, 王飞. 四频差动激光陀螺综述[J]. 激光与光电子学进展, 2012, 49(4): 34-41.
    [2] PAVLOV P A. A Method for Investigating the Error of a Laser Dynamic Goniometer[J]. Measurement Techniques, 2020, 63(2): 106-110. doi: 10.1007/s11018-020-01757-5
    [3] ENO N A, PAVLOV P A, BAGSHAW J T. Investigating the output characteristics of Ring Laser in Laser Dynamic Goniometer[J]. Journal of Physics Conference, 2018, 1124(4): 1-6.
    [4] FILATOV Y V, NIKOLAEV M S, PAVLOV P A, et al. Noncontact measurement of angular position and angular movement by means of laser goniometer[J]. Optical Engineering, 2015, 54(5): 15-20.
    [5] FILATOV Y V, NIKOLAEV M S, PAVLOV P A, et al. Non-contact measurement of an object's angular position by means of laser goniometer[J]. The International Society for Optical Engineering, 2014, 9250: 1-6.
    [6] PAVLOV P A. Laser dynamic goniometer measurement algorithms[J]. Measurement Techniques, 2008, 51(1): 22-27. doi: 10.1007/s11018-008-0005-2
    [7] BACHISH E A, PAVLOV P A. Laser dynamic goniometer metrological characteristics[J]. Measurement Techniques, 2009, 52(5): 465-471. doi: 10.1007/s11018-009-9305-4
    [8] IVSHCHENKO E M, PAVLOV P A. A method of eliminating the influence of magnetic field in a dynamic laser goniometer linear and angular measurements[J]. Measurement Techniques, 2013, 55: 1141-1147. doi: 10.1007/s11018-012-0099-4
    [9] PAVLOV P A. A method of reducing the random error of a dynamic laser goniometer[J]. Measurement Techniques, 2008, 51(7): 734-739. doi: 10.1007/s11018-008-9109-y
    [10] BACHISH E A, PAVLOV P A, FILATOV Y V. Development of precision laser goniometer systems[J]. Quantum Electronics, 2013, 43(2): 130-138. doi: 10.1070/QE2013v043n02ABEH015045
    [11] AGAPOV M Y, BOURNASHEV M N. Errors of measurement by laser goniometer[J]. Infrared Physics & Technology, 2000, 41(2): 97-113.
    [12] BELFI J, BEVERINI N, CARELLI G, et al. G-LAS a ring laser goniometer for angular metrology[C]. Frequency and Time Forum and IEEE International Frequency Control Symposium. IEEE, 2017: 462-465.
    [13] BOHKMAN E, BURNASHEV M, FILATOV Y, et al. Implementation of the dynamic laser goniometer for noncontact measurement of angular movement[J]. Optical Engineering, 2016, 55(7): 1-5. doi: 10.1117/1.OE.55.7.075101
    [14] KOPYTOV V V, LIZUNOV V D, NABOKA T V. Investigation of a laser interferometric goniometer[J]. Measurement Techniques, 1996, 39(6): 624-628. doi: 10.1007/BF02369827
    [15] FILATOV Y V, AGAPOY M Y, Bournachev M N, et al. Laser goniometer systems for dynamic calibration of optical encoders[J]. The International Society for Optical Engineering, 2003, 5144: 381-390.
    [16] 黄宗升, 王省书, 秦石乔, 等. 四频激光陀螺脉冲细分技术[J]. 激光杂志, 2007, 28(3): 33-35. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0253-2743.2007.03.016
    [17] 杜少林, 陈书钊, 陈鹏光, 等. 基于Allan方差的MEMS陀螺仪噪声分析[J]. 仪表技术与传感器, 2018(5): 20-24. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1002-1841.2018.05.005
    [18] 黄云, 黄海乐, 刘贱平, 等. 高精度双光束干涉指零仪的研制[J]. 红外与激光工程, 2012(41): 2498-2503.
    [19] MOU J, HUANG T, SHU X. Error Analysis and Comparison of the Fiber Optic Gyroscope Scale Factor Obtained by Angular Velocity Method and Angular Increment Method[J]. MAPAN-Journal of Metrology Society of India, 2020, 35(2): 1-13.
    [20] 谢启华, 李卫升, 黄云. 激光陀螺测角仪测角误差来源研究[J]. 激光技术, 2012(36): 174-179.
    [21] 王帆, 黄垚, 杨禹, 等. 单周范围内角速率误差校准[J]. 计量科学与技术, 2021, 65(8): 24-28. doi: 10.12338/j.issn.2096-9015.2020.9009
    [22] 王汉斌, 黄垚, 薛梓, 等. 激光小角度基准测量不确定度评定[J]. 计量学报, 2019, 40(6): 970-974. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-1158.2019.06.05
    [23] 叶文, 蔡晨光, 杨平, 等. 惯性技术计量领域若干问题的思考与展望[J]. 计量科学与技术, 2021, 65(3): 15-20.
  • 加载中
图(12)
计量
  • 文章访问数:  669
  • HTML全文浏览量:  240
  • PDF下载量:  49
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-04-15

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回