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激光干涉技术在水声测量中的应用与发展

王敏 杨平 何龙标 邢广振 冯秀娟 王珂

王敏,杨平,何龙标,等. 激光干涉技术在水声测量中的应用与发展[J]. 计量科学与技术,2022, 66(4): 2-12 doi: 10.12338/j.issn.2096-9015.2021.0625
引用本文: 王敏,杨平,何龙标,等. 激光干涉技术在水声测量中的应用与发展[J]. 计量科学与技术,2022, 66(4): 2-12 doi: 10.12338/j.issn.2096-9015.2021.0625
WANG Min, YANG Ping, HE Longbiao, XING Guangzhen, FENG Xiujuan, WANG Ke. Reviews of the Research Progresses in Underwater Acoustic Measurement Using Laser Interferometry Technique[J]. Metrology Science and Technology, 2022, 66(4): 2-12. doi: 10.12338/j.issn.2096-9015.2021.0625
Citation: WANG Min, YANG Ping, HE Longbiao, XING Guangzhen, FENG Xiujuan, WANG Ke. Reviews of the Research Progresses in Underwater Acoustic Measurement Using Laser Interferometry Technique[J]. Metrology Science and Technology, 2022, 66(4): 2-12. doi: 10.12338/j.issn.2096-9015.2021.0625

激光干涉技术在水声测量中的应用与发展

doi: 10.12338/j.issn.2096-9015.2021.0625
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金项目(51805506、 11904347)。
详细信息
    作者简介:

    王敏(1987-),中国计量科学研究院副研究员,研究方向:水声计量测试、声学信号处理等,邮箱:wangmin@nim.ac.cn

    通讯作者:

    杨平(1976-),中国计量科学研究院研究员,研究方向:超声、水声计量,邮箱:yangp@nim.ac.cn

Reviews of the Research Progresses in Underwater Acoustic Measurement Using Laser Interferometry Technique

  • 摘要: 激光干涉技术为水声测量提供了一种不同于传统水听器的新途径。对激光干涉技术在水声测量中的应用与发展进行了概述,从水听器灵敏度校准、声场分布测量、换能器表面振速测量三个方面,总结分析了国内外的研究进展及当前的技术水平。对上述三种技术的测量原理进行了介绍,并给出一些具有代表性的测量结果,分析了各技术的制约因素和有待解决的关键问题,对未来的研究发展方向进行了预测,虽然目前激光干涉测量还无法完全替代传统的水声测量方式,但经过持续研究与发展,有望更好地发挥激光干涉技术的优势,提高水声测量水平。
  • 图  1  激光外差干涉法水声声压复现系统框图[11]

    Figure  1.  Arrangement of underwater acoutsic measurement using a laser heterodyne interferometric system[11]

    图  2  水听器与激光干涉系统记录的300 kHz信号波形对比

    Figure  2.  Comparison of for 300 kHz waveforms recorded by a reference hydrophone and a laser interferometric system

    图  3  激光干涉法与互易法水听器校准的结果对比[11]

    Figure  3.  Results of hydrophones calibration results from laser heterodyne interferometric method and reciprocity method[11]

    图  4  激光干涉法声场扫描原理示意图

    Figure  4.  Scheme of measuring underwater acoustic field by laser heterodyne interferometer

    图  5  声场分布与线性扫描的关系示意图[38]

    Figure  5.  Relationship of the acoustic field and the parallel beam scan[38]

    图  6  圆形平面换能器的声场分布扫描结果[36]

    Figure  6.  Comparison results of the acoustic field produced by a circular planar transducer measured by laser heterodyne interferometer and hydrophone[36]

    图  7  换能器阵列的声场分布扫描结果[15]

    Figure  7.  Comparison results of the acoustic field produced by a transducer array measured by laser heterodyne interferometer and hydrophone[15]

    图  8  换能器表面振动分布扫描示意图

    Figure  8.  Scheme of measuring surface vibration of a transducer using a scanning laser heterodyne interferometer

    图  9  激光扫描推算与水听器扫描的声压分布对比图[43]

    Figure  9.  Comparison results of the normalized pressure distributions measured by laser heterodyne interferometer and hydrophone[43]

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  • 录用日期:  2022-03-31
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-04-13
  • 刊出日期:  2022-06-02

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