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沉积物中HBCDs的污染分布及关键检测技术进展

何帅 汤桦 陈大舟 高晶

何帅,汤桦,陈大舟,等. 沉积物中HBCDs的污染分布及关键检测技术进展[J]. 计量科学与技术,2022, 66(6): 10-18, 30 doi: 10.12338/j.issn.2096-9015.2021.0639
引用本文: 何帅,汤桦,陈大舟,等. 沉积物中HBCDs的污染分布及关键检测技术进展[J]. 计量科学与技术,2022, 66(6): 10-18, 30 doi: 10.12338/j.issn.2096-9015.2021.0639
HE Shuai, TANG Hua, CHEN Dazhou, GAO Jing. Research Progress on Pollution Distribution and Key Detection Techniques of HBCDs in Sediments[J]. Metrology Science and Technology, 2022, 66(6): 10-18, 30. doi: 10.12338/j.issn.2096-9015.2021.0639
Citation: HE Shuai, TANG Hua, CHEN Dazhou, GAO Jing. Research Progress on Pollution Distribution and Key Detection Techniques of HBCDs in Sediments[J]. Metrology Science and Technology, 2022, 66(6): 10-18, 30. doi: 10.12338/j.issn.2096-9015.2021.0639

沉积物中HBCDs的污染分布及关键检测技术进展

doi: 10.12338/j.issn.2096-9015.2021.0639
基金项目: 国家重点研发计划项目(2016YFF0201102)。
详细信息
    作者简介:

    何帅(1997-),中国计量科学研究院硕士研究生,研究方向:有机质谱分析,邮箱:874300343@qq.com

    通讯作者:

    汤桦(1977-),中国计量科学研究院副研究员,研究方向:有机质谱分析,邮箱:tanghua@nim.ac.cn

Research Progress on Pollution Distribution and Key Detection Techniques of HBCDs in Sediments

  • 摘要: 六溴环十二烷 HBCDs 是一种被大量生产且广泛使用的溴化物阻燃剂,属于新型持久性有机污染物。环境中HBCDs分布广泛且含量跨度大,准确分析测定其在环境介质中的含量对环境污染控制具有重要意义。对目前我国各地沉积物中HBCDs污染分布进行了总结。在文献调研的基础上,对沉积物及相关基质中HBCDs的前处理、分离和检测等关键技术进行了对比和分析。此外通过对现有HBCDs标准物质来源调研,对HBCDs准确定量的溯源问题进行了讨论,并且对HBCDs未来的测量和监测工作提出了展望。
  • 图  1  HBCDs的合成流程

    Figure  1.  Synthesis process of HBCDs

    图  2  HBCDs三种主要的非对映异构体

    Figure  2.  The three main diastereomers of HBCDs

    表  1  HBCDs的理化性质

    Table  1.   Physical and chemical properties of HBCDs

    异构体相对分子质量熔点(℃)蒸气压(Pa,21℃)溶解度(水)稳定性logKow
    α-HBCD641.71726.5×10−548.8热重排(>160℃),
    热分解(>240℃)
    5.38
    β-HBCD16914.75.47
    γ-HBCD2092.15.80
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  2010 ~ 2020年HBCDs在中国的污染分布

    Table  2.   The pollution distribution of HBCDs in China from 2010 to 2020

    地区论文出版年份基质类型含量参考文献
    中国大陆沿海地区2012贻贝0.01~1400 ng/g[33]
    湖南浏阳2010沉积物(α)9.0~1079.6 ng/g,(β)1.0~1161.7 ng/g,(γ)65.4~3964.2 ng/g[15]
    黄河三角洲2016沉积物0.2~29.3 ng/g[34]
    胶州湾2016沉积物(α)1.03~5.69 ng/g,(β)1.13~5.46 ng/g,(γ)1.18~15.04 ng/g[35]
    陕西渭河2019沉积物(α)443.56 mg/kg,(β)614.29 mg/kg,(γ)1146.37 mg/kg
    上海2014沉积物0.05~6.87 ng/g[17]
    珠江口2021沉积物nd~1.11 ng/g[19]
    天津段海河2016沉积物0.4~58.82 ng/g[20]
    太湖2013沉积物0.046~2.56 ng/g[16]
    河北新河2018沉积物10.3~43.5 ng/g[21]
    上海2015沉积物0.01~13.7 ng/g[22]
    深圳福田国家级自然保护区2019红树林植物根茎叶(α)15.6~2234 ng/g,(β)32.9~3255 ng/g,(γ)19.9~1520 ng/g[23]
    珠江口工业区河流2013沉积物0.07~31.6 ng/g[24]
    东江下游2011沉积物2.5~424.16 ng/g[25]
    莱州湾2014沉积物0.03~20.17 ng/g[26]
    中国大陆沿海2011大黄鱼、银鲳0.57~10.1 ng/g[8]
    天津2013湖滨生物
    海洋生物
    64.3~1111 ng/g
    85.5~989 ng/g
    [36]
    青藏高原2013草鱼nd~13.7 ng/g[9]
    下载: 导出CSV
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