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高灵敏度矢量原子磁力仪研究进展概述

陈文 高颖 蒋志远 屈继峰

陈文,高颖,蒋志远,等. 高灵敏度矢量原子磁力仪研究进展概述[J]. 计量科学与技术,2022, 66(4): 19-25, 39 doi: 10.12338/j.issn.2096-9015.2021.0651
引用本文: 陈文,高颖,蒋志远,等. 高灵敏度矢量原子磁力仪研究进展概述[J]. 计量科学与技术,2022, 66(4): 19-25, 39 doi: 10.12338/j.issn.2096-9015.2021.0651
CHEN Wen, GAO Ying, JIANG Zhiyuan, QU Jifeng. Reviews of the Research Progress of High-Sensitivity Vector Atomic Magnetometer[J]. Metrology Science and Technology, 2022, 66(4): 19-25, 39. doi: 10.12338/j.issn.2096-9015.2021.0651
Citation: CHEN Wen, GAO Ying, JIANG Zhiyuan, QU Jifeng. Reviews of the Research Progress of High-Sensitivity Vector Atomic Magnetometer[J]. Metrology Science and Technology, 2022, 66(4): 19-25, 39. doi: 10.12338/j.issn.2096-9015.2021.0651

高灵敏度矢量原子磁力仪研究进展概述

doi: 10.12338/j.issn.2096-9015.2021.0651
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金青年项目(61805226)。
详细信息
    作者简介:

    陈文(1994-),中国计量科学研究院联合培养研究生,研究方向:原子磁力仪,邮箱:Chenw@cjlu.edu.cn

    通讯作者:

    蒋志远(1986-),中国计量科学研究院副研究员,研究方向:芯片级量子器件,邮箱:jiangzhiyuan@nim.ac.cn

Reviews of the Research Progress of High-Sensitivity Vector Atomic Magnetometer

  • 摘要: 磁场作为一个矢量场,具有大小和方向信息,如何在现有标量原子磁力仪中实现磁场矢量的高精度测量,已经成为了原子磁力仪研究的一个重要方向。在单一原子磁力仪中同时实现磁场大小和方向的探测,一方面可以获得更多的磁场信息,更全面与准确的表征磁源,另一方面可以减小移动平台中磁测装置体积。将矢量原子磁力仪分为配置外加磁场与全光探测两条技术路线,介绍了高灵敏度矢量原子磁力仪的基本原理、国内外研究现状以及未来的研究方向。对几种主要的矢量磁力仪技术路线进行了介绍和归纳,包括外加磁场补偿法、偏置磁场调制法、射频场佛克托效应(Voigt Effect)法、电磁感应透明(EIT)探测法以及Bell-Bloom全光测量法等,并对高灵敏度矢量原子磁力仪在未来的发展方向和应用前景进行了展望。
  • 图  1  基于SERF磁力仪的矢量磁力仪光路结构示意图

    Figure  1.  Schematic diagram of optical path structure of vector magnetometer based on SERF magnetometer

    图  2  外加偏置磁场的光路结构与原理示意图

    Figure  2.  Schematic diagram of the optical path structure and principle of the applied bias magnetic field

    图  3  Bell-Bloom 磁力仪原理图

    Figure  3.  Schematic diagram of Bell-Bloom magnetometer

    图  4  二维平面内的磁场投影原理示意图

    Figure  4.  Schematic diagram of the principle of magnetic projection in two-dimensional plane

    图  5  基本光路结构示意图

    Figure  5.  Schematic diagram of basic optical path structure

    图  6  两种不同的Bell-Bloom 磁力仪配置方案

    Figure  6.  Two configurations of Bell-Bloom magnetometers with pumping beams

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2021-11-25
  • 录用日期:  2021-12-21
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-04-22
  • 刊出日期:  2022-06-02

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