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大尺寸计量中双光梳绝对测距方法的研究进展

刘洋 李建双 赫明钊 曹士英 缪东晶 谢志奇

刘洋,李建双,赫明钊,等. 大尺寸计量中双光梳绝对测距方法的研究进展[J]. 计量科学与技术,2023, 67(4): 18-27 doi: 10.12338/j.issn.2096-9015.2022.0245
引用本文: 刘洋,李建双,赫明钊,等. 大尺寸计量中双光梳绝对测距方法的研究进展[J]. 计量科学与技术,2023, 67(4): 18-27 doi: 10.12338/j.issn.2096-9015.2022.0245
LIU Yang, LI Jianshuang, HE Mingzhao, CAO Shiying, MIAO Dongjing, XIE Zhiqi. Progress in Dual-Comb Absolute Ranging Methods for Large-Scale Metrology[J]. Metrology Science and Technology, 2023, 67(4): 18-27. doi: 10.12338/j.issn.2096-9015.2022.0245
Citation: LIU Yang, LI Jianshuang, HE Mingzhao, CAO Shiying, MIAO Dongjing, XIE Zhiqi. Progress in Dual-Comb Absolute Ranging Methods for Large-Scale Metrology[J]. Metrology Science and Technology, 2023, 67(4): 18-27. doi: 10.12338/j.issn.2096-9015.2022.0245

大尺寸计量中双光梳绝对测距方法的研究进展

doi: 10.12338/j.issn.2096-9015.2022.0245
基金项目: 国家重点研发计划(2021YFF0600305, 2020YFB2010703);中国计量科学研究院基础科研业务费(AKYZD2212, AKY1902)。
详细信息
    作者简介:

    刘洋(1991-),中国计量科学研究院助理研究员,研究方向:绝对长度计量,邮箱:liuyang1@nim.ac.cn

    通讯作者:

    李建双(1966-),中国计量科学研究院研究员,研究方向:大尺寸计量,邮箱:lijiansh@nim.ac.cn

  • 中图分类号: TB921

Progress in Dual-Comb Absolute Ranging Methods for Large-Scale Metrology

  • 摘要: 大尺寸计量中广泛采用增量式激光干涉仪作为量值传递的计量标准,在测量过程中易发生断光影响,严重限制测量灵活性。近年来,以飞秒光学频率梳为光源的高精度绝对测距方法得到了迅猛发展,特别是双光梳异步光学采样绝对测距方法,利用具有微弱重频差的两台飞秒光学频率梳能够实现大量程、高精度和高更新率的绝对距离测量。以大尺寸激光绝对测距和飞秒光学频率梳绝对测距为切入点,详细综述了现阶段大尺寸双光梳绝对测距的研究进展;针对大尺寸计量场景分析了双光梳绝对测距现存的瓶颈,并对此开展了双光梳光源搭建与优化、测距精度优化、测距系统设计和测距性能验证等深入研究,最后对双光梳绝对测距在大尺寸计量中未来的应用方向提出了展望。
  • 图  1  双光梳绝对测距光路结构

    Figure  1.  Optical layout of the dual-comb ranging system

    图  2  双光梳异步光学采样线性探测原理

    Figure  2.  Principle of linear detection via asynchronous optical sampling in a dual-comb system

    图  3  双光梳测距的探测方法与测量盲区示意图

    Figure  3.  Schematic of detection methods and measurement blind zones in a dual-comb system

    图  4  双色双光梳光源系统

    Figure  4.  Schematic of a two-color dual-comb system

    图  5  大尺寸全光纤双光梳绝对测距装置

    Figure  5.  Schematic of an all-fiber, large-scale dual-comb absolute distance measurement system

    图  6  多路绝对测距拓展模块

    Figure  6.  Schematic of the extension module for multi-channel absolute distance measurement

    图  7  大尺寸双光梳异步光学采样绝对测距在线解算软件

    Figure  7.  Online software interface for large-scale asynchronous optical sampling absolute distance measurement

    图  8  软件采用的线性探测的频谱相位法算法流程

    Figure  8.  Flowchart of the algorithm for linear spectral phase detection adopted in the software

    图  9  多路绝对距离比对的测试现场图片

    Figure  9.  Scene of the property test for multiple absolute distance measurements

    图  10  15~60 m范围内5 m步进间隔的两组测量结果

    Figure  10.  Results of two measurement sets at 5-m intervals within a 15 to 60 m range

    表  1  大尺寸绝对长度测量方法的优劣势对比

    Table  1.   Comparison of advantages and disadvantages of different methods for large-scale absolute length measurement

    绝对测距方法优势局限
    脉冲飞行时间法可无合作目标测
    量,应用广泛
    受限脉冲计时精度,时
    间抖动影响明显
    调制波相位法结构紧凑,灵
    活性较好
    受到探测单元的电学带
    宽和测相精度限制
    多波长法量程大,精度高构建逐级合成波长链
    导致测距系统复杂
    调频连续波法动态范围大,可无
    合作目标测量
    光频率扫描非线性将
    影响测长精度
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  • 收稿日期:  2022-10-13
  • 录用日期:  2022-11-15
  • 修回日期:  2022-11-15
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-11-17
  • 刊出日期:  2023-04-18

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