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激光多边坐标测量系统及其发展现状综述

张青岩 李建双 缪东晶

张青岩,李建双,缪东晶. 激光多边坐标测量系统及其发展现状综述[J]. 计量科学与技术,待出版. doi: 10.12338/j.issn.2096-9015.2024.0100
引用本文: 张青岩,李建双,缪东晶. 激光多边坐标测量系统及其发展现状综述[J]. 计量科学与技术,待出版. doi: 10.12338/j.issn.2096-9015.2024.0100
ZHANG Qingyan, LI Jianshuang, MIAO Dongjing. Laser Multilateration Coordinate Measurement Systems and Development Status:A Review[J]. Metrology Science and Technology. doi: 10.12338/j.issn.2096-9015.2024.0100
Citation: ZHANG Qingyan, LI Jianshuang, MIAO Dongjing. Laser Multilateration Coordinate Measurement Systems and Development Status:A Review[J]. Metrology Science and Technology. doi: 10.12338/j.issn.2096-9015.2024.0100

激光多边坐标测量系统及其发展现状综述

doi: 10.12338/j.issn.2096-9015.2024.0100
基金项目: 国家重点研发计划(2021YFF0600205);中国计量科学研究院基本科研业务费重点领域(AKYZD2302-3)。
详细信息
    作者简介:

    张青岩(1998-),中国计量科学研究院在读研究生,研究方向:大尺寸测量技术,邮箱:zhangqy@nim.ac.cn

    通讯作者:

    缪东晶(1985-),中国计量科学研究院副研究员,研究方向:大尺寸空间坐标测量/计量技术,动态计量技术,邮箱:miaodj@nim.ac.cn

Laser Multilateration Coordinate Measurement Systems and Development Status:A Review

  • 摘要: 激光多边坐标测量系统具有坐标测量精度高的特点,引起了各国学界、业界以及计量机构的众多关注。然而,由于大空间范围坐标测量准确度受到多种因素的影响,且国内关于激光多边坐标测量系统测量与校准相关标准缺失,激光多边坐标测量系统的发展仍然面临很多问题亟需解决。针对激光多边测量原理、系统参数自标定方法、坐标测量溯源现状及其相关标准制定、测量不确定度评定及其影响因素分析、激光多边坐标测量在姿态测量领域的延伸以及国内外在工业领域的实际应用进行了广泛的调研与总结。其中,国内外研究人员在补偿环境场干扰、减小测距误差、提升系统自标定精度、增加测站数量、设置约束条件与研究系统最优布局等测量精度提升方向进行了多种不同尝试。同时,国内激光多边坐标测量系统测量、校准与溯源等相关标准的建立与完善可以为工业领域应用中大型零部件的制造装配和仪器的校准补偿等提供参考与依据。综述了激光多边坐标测量系统在大空间范围测量领域的相关研究进展,重点关注激光多边法坐标测量原理、系统参数自标定方法、坐标测量不确定度和应用,旨在为研究人员提供关于激光多边坐标测量系统的发展现状与未来发展趋势,促进大空间范围坐标测量技术的发展。
  • 图  1  激光多边法论文年度发文量统计

    Figure  1.  Statistics on the number of annual papers on laser multilateral methods

    图  2  激光多边测量原理

    Figure  2.  Laser multilateration measure method

    图  3  四测站激光多边测量系统

    Figure  3.  4 station multilateral laser-tracking system

    图  4  激光多边系统坐标测量精度影响因素

    Figure  4.  Coordinate accuracy of laser multilateral system

    表  1  激光多边测量系统应用

    Table  1.   Application of laser multilateral measurement system

    机床 零部件 测量仪器
    线性轴
    (几何误差)
    光学平板 机器人校准
    旋转轴
    (几何误差)
    抛物镜
    (面形误差
    几何误差)
    坐标测量机
    (几何误差)
    机床
    (定位重复性
    热变形)
    特大齿轮
    标准块规
    关节臂测量机
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  • 收稿日期:  2024-03-24
  • 录用日期:  2024-04-07
  • 修回日期:  2024-04-11
  • 网络出版日期:  2024-04-23

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